Recent updates, initiatives and programs from UGA Extension. Its coarse-textured leaves provide an excellent background for shrubs, particularly needle evergreens. This magnolia grows one foot annually until it reaches a height between 60 and 70 feet at maturity. Do not over water, as this can slow the growth rate of the tree. Yields fruit that is 3–8" long, attracting birds. Magnolia grandiflora is a broadleaf evergreen tree that is noted for its attractive dark green leaves and its large, extremely fragrant flowers. The Jane Magnolia tree is an exceptional excellent tree. |, An Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action, Veteran, Disability Institution, County and Club Meetings, Environmental Education, Livestock Programs, Project Achievement, Summer Camp, Aquaculture, Beef, Bees, Dairy, Equine, Small Ruminants, Poultry & Eggs, Swine, Invasive Species, Pollution Prevention, Forestry, Water & Drought, Weather & Climate, Wildlife, Adult & Family Development, Infant, Child and Teen Development, Money, Housing & Home Environment, Corn, Cotton, Forages, Hemp, Peanuts, Small Grains, Soybeans, Tobacco, Turfgrass, Food Preservation, Commercial & Home Food Safety, Food Science & Manufacturing, Nutrition and Health, Blueberries, Grapes, Ornamental Horticulture, Onions, Peaches, Pecans, Small Fruits, Vegetables, Home Gardens, Lawn Care, Ornamentals, Landscaping, Animal Diseases and Parasites, Ants, Termites, Lice, and Other Pests, Nuisance Animals, Plant Pest and Disease Management, Weeds. The star magnolia grows to 15 feet and produces white flowers in the late winter. If possible, dig the planting hole at least two times wider than and as deep as the root ball. Type of foliage: Evergreen Form: Tree with single trunk, pyramidal to oval, irregular canopy symmetry Texture: Coarse Height: 18-25 m (60-80 ft). Magnolia grandiflora L.. Common name. Tight columnar form with lustrous, dark green upper leaf surface with dark brown undersides. The Southern magnolia is a large tree that benefits from warm weather. (January-February 2014 Update* One low down to -15 and maybe 7 other lows between -10 and 0 have caused this tree to bronze and burn in the full sunlight. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. In youth, the tree is more open than 'Claudia Wannamaker.? The leaves are simple and broadly ovate, 12–20 cm (4 3⁄4 – 7 3⁄4 in) long and 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4 – 4 3⁄4 in) broad, with smooth margins. It reaches 50+ feet tall at maturity. Horticulture. It has numerous trunks and vast pink to purple sprouts that rise in the late-winter. Some are de… University of Georgia Cooperative Extension programming improves people's lives and gets results. The Magnolia Tree for the North and the South Why Southern Magnolia Trees? In the Coastal Plain the southern magnolia can store 17,800 lb/tree per year (USFS, 2014). Another popular characteristic is a rusty-bronze appearance of the underside of the leaves. Users agree that automated translations may not effectively convert the intended design, meaning, and/or context of the website, may not translate images or PDF content, and may not take into account regional language differences. network of committed specialists, agents and volunteers to help Georgians learn, grow and do more. Published on Sep 23, 2009Published with Full Review on Sep 01, 2012Published with Full Review on Aug 07, 2017. The fruit of the southern magnolia is eaten by squirrels, rabbits and birds—including wild turkey. Finally, apply 3 to 5 inches of mulch on the soil surface to conserve moisture and to prevent weeds. Begin shaping the plant while it is young by selectively thinning side branches as needed to produce and maintain the desired growth form. The leaves are dark green with a silver underside. A dwarf southern magnolia with smaller dark green foliage and a very compact narrow form. The crown is dense and conical in youth and becomes more rounded with age. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. It is surprising to see a Magnolia flower when it is only three or four feet tall. While the pecan trees were left to the fields for production and harvest, the southern magnolia—also called the evergreen magnolia—was typically found growing along driveways and near houses. Adding this magnificent tree to a landscape is a Southern tradition. All types of this stunner will flower in the early spring before leaf buds open for a striking bloom-on-bare-branch display. USDA ZONES: Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9. One of the most popular cultivars in the trade, prized for lustrous green leaves with a fuzzy, rusty texture on their undersides. By the third year, increase the rate to 4 cups and spread it in a donut-shaped area from the tips of the canopy to 6 feet beyond the canopy in March, May and July. Stipes Publishing Co. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. UGA Extension is not responsible for any damages, costs, liability, or risk associated with any use, functionality, and/or content of the website translations. During the first growing season after establishment, apply ½ pound (1 cup) of 8-8-8 or 10-10-10 fertilizer along the perimeter of the planting hole in March, May and July. It grows well throughout Georgia, is widely adaptable to a variety of soils and has few pest problems. It's one of the largest magnolia species and grows up to 80 feet. An upright, pyramidal tree growing 40 feet tall and 30 feet wide. Senator. Width: 50 - 60 feet. Ornamental Features: The flowers are small (2- to 3-inches in diameter), creamy white and lemon-scented. Some call it the Jones Magnolia because two unrelated boys were born to Jones families the same year the tree was planted. A compact form reaching 20 feet tall and 10 feet wide. For information or the status on programs, contact your local Extension office by email or phone. D.D. This is an example of a type species, which is a plant that is considered to be the prime example for species in a genus. provided by southern magnolia were due to energy savings. Its ease of growth and carefree nature make Southern Magnolia ideal for the low-maintenance landscape. It grows at a slow rate to a height of perhaps 30 to 35 feet with an 8 to 12-foot spread and flowers at two or three years old. Both laid claim to being the namesake of the tree and James finally resolved the good-natured debate by purchasing the land the tree stood on and making his home there for over 30 years. The Little Gem reaches only 20-25 feet with a spread of 8-12 feet and has a slow growth-rate, approximately 1 … In formal landscapes, the tree is sometimes sheared once or twice a season to encourage branching and to maintain a tight, compact form. Blooms May through June, with some blossoms throughout the summer months. The Little Gem magnolia grows approximately 1 to 2 feet per year. Produces creamy white flowers, sometimes up to 12" in diameter, with a rich fragrance. SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA, BULL BAY. This large, stately, native North American evergreen tree with its large, beautiful, saucer-shaped, fragrant flowers is almost a Southern landscape tradition. It typically has a single stem (or trunk) and a pyramidal shape. Since the tree sheds old leaves each spring and seed pods in late summer, it can be messy when planted in a lawn area. The tree completely defoliated and died back on the 3 main branches by 1.5'-2'. Leaves Elliptic to Broadly Ovate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen. Diameter: 10-12 m (30-40 ft). The little gem magnolia grows to a height of 15–20' and a spread of 7–10' at maturity. This low branching shrub-like tree grows to 10 to 15 feet tall and 6 to 10 feet wide at maturity. Container-grown Southern magnolias can be planted successfully any time of year. Tree Characteristics. Field Crop, Forage & Turfgrass Production, Master Gardener Extension Volunteer Program, Coronavirus (COVID-19) information, resources, and updates for Georgia communities, UGA College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, UGA College of Family & Consumer Sciences. Dark green leaves with a brownish-rust underside. Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) is a magnificent tree cultivated for its glossy green leaves and lovely white blossoms.Remarkably flexible for an outstanding ornamental, southern magnolia thrives not only in the South, but also in the Pacific Northwest. We have faculty and staff in every county across the state that are available to assist you. However, in the same study, magnolia provided much less benefit in terms of carbon dioxide (CO 2) reductions due mainly to its relative slower growth rate and smaller tree size. A 2000 Georgia Gold Medal Winner. Place the wire inside a section of old garden hose before wrapping it around the tree to prevent girdling and injury to the trunk. Circular It tends to be self-branching and forms a dense canopy. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. The Southern magnolia grows at a rate known as moderately fast in the gardening world; in normal growing conditions, it will average a full foot of growth in height every year. Status and Revision History According to Famous and Historic Trees by Charles E. Randall and Henry Clepper, this tree was planted near an important road junction in 1839 by Gen. Grandison D. Royston. The Little Gem Magnolia is the perfect tree for your yard if you are seeking a smaller version of the evergreen magnolia without sacrificing any of the usual beauty.